[Tibet. Recommendation] column for the strong dissemination effect of the collection to recommend to buyers the selected art treasures by experts at the first level of national appraisal, to bridge the gap for Tibetans, so that the value of thousands of art treasures are excavated and valued, and high-priced transactions can be concluded in the auction.
【Name】：Guangxu ingot a group
【Years】：In modern times
【藏 品 简 介】此组藏品由2张1966年全国通用五市斤和三市斤粮票和1张1974年湖南省地方贰市两粮票组成。品相完整，无水渍污渍，无明显破损，有正常流通使用的痕迹，整体保存良好，纸张采用第三套人民币纸张。粮票是中国在特定经济发展环境下发放的一种购粮凭证，具有一定的时代意义和纪念意义，具有较为重要的研究价值和收藏价值。
The collection consists of two grain stamps, one for the five jin and three Jin in 1966 and one for the two Liang Shi in Hunan Province in 1974.The product is complete, no water stains, no obvious damage, there are signs of normal circulation and use, the whole is well preserved, the paper adopts the third set of RMB paper. Grain coupon is a kind of grain purchase voucher issued under the specific economic development environment in China. It has certain historical significance and commemorative significance, and has relatively important research value and collection value.
粮票是20世纪50年代至80年代中国在特定经济时期发放的一种购粮凭证。 中国最早实行的票证种类是粮票、食用油票、布票等。粮票作为一种实际的有价证券，在中国使用达40多年，随着社会的发展，它已退出了历史舞台，成为收藏者的新宠。那时候，必须凭粮票才能购买粮食。其实凭票供应不是我国最早采用的，苏联在十月革命后，当时国内不稳定，内战不断，商品缺乏，就采取商品有计划的分配，发放各种商品票证，苏联最早的票证是1916年的鞋票。 美国也在二战时期商品紧张时，发放了各种商品票证，其种类也不少，这其中就含有粮票性质的票证。现在还有一些国家仍然采用凭票供应方式，如朝鲜、越南等一些国家。中国的粮票种类数量有"世界之最"之称，全国2500多个市县，还有一些镇、乡都分别发放和使用了各种粮票，进行计划供应，还有一些大企业、厂矿、农场、学校、政府、机关等单位。粮票是特殊经济条件下的历史产物，票面题材广泛，印制精细，具有时间性、地域性的特点。经年累月的岁月侵蚀，更使这种具有不可复制性的票证文物日渐稀少，珍品迭出，长期为海内外收藏爱好者所瞩目。另外，有些发行于解放战争时期的公粮票，是解放战争时期革命军队在人民群众支持下浴血奋战的历史见证，具有重要的纪念意义和收藏价值。"票证经济"曾影响了我国几代老百姓的生活，那是一段凭票吃粮喝汤的年代，也是靠粮票、布票等票、证过日子的计划经济时代。
Food stamps are a kind of grain purchase voucher issued in China during specific economic periods from the 1950s to the 1980s. Food coupons, edible oil coupons and cloth coupons were the first to be implemented in China. As a kind of practical securities, food stamps have been used in China for more than 40 years. With the development of the society, food stamps have retired from the historical stage and become the favorite of collectors. In those days, food stamps were required to buy grain. In fact, voucher supply is not the first one adopted in China. After the October Revolution, the Soviet Union adopted a planned distribution of commodities and issued various commodity vouchers due to internal instability, continuous civil war and lack of commodities. The earliest voucher of the Soviet Union was the 1916 shoe ticket. In the United States during World War II, when there was a shortage of merchandise, there were many kinds of merchandise tickets, including food stamps. Some countries still supply by ticket, such as North Korea and Vietnam. The number of food stamps in China is reputed to be the largest in the world. More than 2,500 cities and counties, as well as some towns and townships, have issued and used food stamps for planned supply, and some large enterprises, factories, mines, farms, schools, governments, government agencies and other units have issued and used food stamps. Food stamps are a historical product under special economic conditions. They have a wide range of themes, fine printing, timeliness and regional characteristics. Years of years of erosion, more so that this non-replicability of the ticket cultural relics increasingly rare, treasures out, for a long time at home and abroad by collectors attention. In addition, some of the grain coupons issued during the War of Liberation are historical witnesses of the revolutionary troops fighting bloody battles with the support of the masses during the war of Liberation, and have important commemorative significance and collection value. Ticket economy has affected the lives of several generations of Chinese people. It was a period of time when people ate food and drank soup with tickets, and it was also a planned economy era when people lived on food stamps, cloth tickets and other tickets.
The first food to be supplied by ticket was grain. Commodity tickets in various places are usually divided into "eat, wear, use" these three categories. In the early days of the founding of The People's Republic of China, there was a severe shortage of materials. The central government began to plan the supply of grain to feed and clothe the whole nation. Food in 1953, the central government decided to unified purchase and marketing policy, policy, including food plan to purchase the food planned supply policy, on August 25, 1955, the 17th plenary meetings of the State Council meeting through the "interim measures for town food rationing vouchers printed", followed by the ministry of national food to the country this interim measures, soon, all kinds of food ticket will flood into society. In line with the era of ticket and certificate, there are also strict household registration management and the system of urban-rural dual division. Rural people could not work in cities as freely as they do today, because the monthly ration of food stamps and oil stamps was only available to the urban population. Without the status of a city dweller, they could not get these tickets. Therefore, peasants left the land and could not survive at all. Migration between urban and rural areas alone, and between cities, is equally troublesome because of the constraints of food relations. At that time, there were two kinds of food stamps, national and local. Only the national food stamps can be valid throughout China. The person that go on a business trip must carry unit introduction letter to grain store to change a certain amount countrywide grain stamp. At that time, the production of food stamps is the use of the third set of RMB paper, in order to increase the difficulty of counterfeiting, the use of watermark technology in the ticket as anti-counterfeiting. In addition to the national use of water printing paper food stamps, many local food stamps also use water printing paper printing. In this way, a large number of watermark food stamps appeared, the watermark pattern of these food stamps has five stars, torch, wheat ears and so on. National food stamps, samples are rare. The popular view on the birth of this year's stamp is due to article 4 of the instructions on the back of the 1965 food stamp: "Promissory notes may not be bought or sold, altered, or lost." In order to maintain the image of the national stamp, the Ministry of Food issued food and Agriculture Word No. 186 on October 13, 1967 (67) "Notice on the Issuance of a New 1966 Edition of National General Food Stamps", officially launching the 1966 edition of food stamps on the basis of correcting the errors of the 1965 edition. Whether this is true is impossible to verify, but it is certainly true that the 1965 version became the wrong version of the food stamps. Like the 1965 version, the 1966 version of the national general food stamps also exist with and without watermark two editions. The difference is half catty and a catty are not watermark version, and the five catty because of the watermark pattern is different and derived into the size of solid pentacle and hollow pentacle plus wheat two types of plate. What is puzzling is that the actual stock of tickets for this package is astronomical, but the samples are rare. Food stamps appreciation key 1, design good 2, circulation size 3, with and without watermark (no watermark ration accounted for 98% of the varieties of Chinese food stamps) 4, simple manufacturing process, like a computer printer out of 5, prefecture-level food stamps, and the irregular procedure of issue 6, from the south don't like pasta, so the plane tickets, meal ticket, do not welcome, such as limited scope of collection basis. Food stamps themselves are worthless, but they can be used to buy grain at state prices. In fact, food stamps have become a kind of negotiable securities. The face value of food stamps is the difference between state and market prices. After 1993, China has abolished the use of food stamps, food stamps soon entered the ranks of collectibles, the national "food" collectors are also expanding. Nearly two years in Hong Kong, Macao special Administrative Region and some Countries in Europe and the United States to buy a competitive collection of Chinese food stamps treasures. With the passage of time, the heat of grain collection, food stamp collectibles market is bound to rise. As long as the basic principle of food stamps collection is mastered, the prospect of investment in food stamps collection is very considerable. Food stamps used to be the second "currency" in China, which lasted for 40 years. They reflected the social and economic conditions in various historical periods of China, and had relatively important research value and collection value.
The collection has been entrusted to Sichuan Zhongbaoyuan Auction Co., Ltd. to participate in the United Arab Emirates. Dubai art auction, welcome interested customers to attend!